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ERIC Number: EJ1150019
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Sep
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1931-7913
Improving Exam Performance in Introductory Biology through the Use of Preclass Reading Guides
Lieu, Rebekah; Wong, Ashley; Asefirad, Anahita; Shaffer, Justin F.
CBE - Life Sciences Education, v16 n3 Article 46 Sep 2017
High-structure courses or flipped courses require students to obtain course content before class so that class time can be used for active-learning exercises. While textbooks are used ubiquitously in college biology courses for content dissemination, studies have shown that students frequently do not read their textbooks. To address this issue, we created preclass reading guides that provided students with a way to actively engage with the required reading for each day of class. To determine whether reading guide completion before class is associated with increased performance, we surveyed students about their use of reading guides in two sections of a large-enrollment (400+ students) introductory biology course and used multiple linear regression models to identify significant correlations. The results indicated that greater than 80% of students completed the reading guides before class and that full completion of the reading guides before class was significantly positively correlated with exam performance. Reading guides in most cases were used similarly between different student groups (based on gender, ethnicity, and aptitude). These results suggest that optional preclass reading guides may help students stay on track to acquire course content in introductory biology and thus result in improved exam performance.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California (Irvine)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A