ERIC Number: EJ1149840
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Academic Momentum and Undergraduate Student Attrition: Comparative Analysis in US and Russian Universities
Kondratjeva, Olga; Gorbunova, Elena V.; Hawley, Joshua D.
Comparative Education Review, v61 n3 p607-633 Aug 2017
Student attrition in postsecondary education is a significant public policy problem. Nations invest substantial resources in college systems, and when students leave, this investment is lost. To understand the factors that influence student attrition in US and Russian public universities, we use the perspective of academic momentum, defined empirically as measures representing student enrollment and study progress. Using a discrete-time event history analysis of samples of eight US and two Russian universities, we provide support for the central claims of the academic momentum theory that undergraduate students who progress through college more rapidly have a lower likelihood of attrition. However, a more detailed analysis reveals variability in the relationship between several academic momentum measures and student attrition, depending on a university's selectivity and the student's chosen academic field and gender.
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Gender Differences, Dropouts, School Holding Power, Educational History, Universities, Time to Degree, Correlation, Selective Admission, Admission Criteria, Majors (Students), Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Academic Persistence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia; United States
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A