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ERIC Number: EJ1149796
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Aug
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1362-3613
Sex Differences in the Reciprocal Behaviour of Children with Autism
Backer van Ommeren, Tineke; Koot, Hans M.; Scheeren, Anke M.; Begeer, Sander
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v21 n6 p795-803 Aug 2017
Differences in the social limitations of girls compared to boys on the autism spectrum are still poorly understood. Impaired social-emotional reciprocity is a core diagnostic criterion for an autism spectrum disorder. This study compares sex differences in reciprocal behaviour in children with autism spectrum disorder (32 girls, 114 boys) and in typically developing children (24 girls, 55 boys). While children with autism spectrum disorder showed clear limitations in reciprocal behaviour compared to typically developing children, sex differences were found only in the autism spectrum disorder group: girls with autism spectrum disorder had higher reciprocity scores than boys with autism spectrum disorder. However, compared to typically developing girls, girls with autism spectrum disorder showed subtle differences in reciprocal behaviour. The sex-specific response patterns in autism spectrum disorder can inform and improve the diagnostic assessment of autism in females.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands (Amsterdam); Netherlands
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A