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ERIC Number: EJ1149771
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2327-3585
Collective Memories of the Second World War in History Textbooks from China, Japan and South Korea
Suh, Yonghee; Yurita, Makito; Lin, Lin; Metzger, Scott
Journal of International Social Studies, v3 n1 p34-60 2013
Informed by recurring international controversies, this study explores representations of the Second World War as official history in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean secondary-level textbooks and theorizes about how they influence and function as collective memories about this time period. Using grounded theory, it finds that the examined Japanese textbooks tend to present the Second World War in chronological order with a passive voice and avoid discussing why the war occurred and how it ended. The examined Chinese textbooks develop narratives in chronological order as well, but thematic units are structured to highlight the coalition of Mao's Communist Party and Chang Kai-Shek's Nationalists as the decisive factor in the victory against Japanese imperialists contributing to the worldwide fight against fascism. The examined Korean textbooks tend toward a single, patriotic perspective of a people that overcame Japanese colonialism and developed as an independent nation, often ignoring issues that complicated the relationship between the two nations.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Korea; Japan; China
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A