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ERIC Number: EJ1149358
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 26
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2327-3585
Pre-Planning Civic Action: An Analysis of Civic Leaders' Problem Solving Strategies
Fitzgerald, Jason
Journal of International Social Studies, v6 n2 p58-83 2016
This study explores the civic thinking heuristics that civic leaders use when pre-planning action. Across eight think-aloud protocols, findings suggest that three heuristics are employed. "Frame alignment" refers to the process of harmonizing personal beliefs and interests with the particulars of a civic action issue to find personal meaning in the work. Participants used (1) personal beliefs, (2) lived experiences, (3) their professional roles, and (4) their heritage to facilitate such framing. Referencing is the process of using past personal and historical civic action experiences as case studies for planning. "Contextualization" is the process of situating a civic issue within a community's political and cultural climate. These three heuristics are sense-making activities that could be taught to and used by students to make sense of civic issues and possible actions available to them. Implications include the need for increased focus on the historical dimensions and personal relevance of civic action.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York (New York)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A