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ERIC Number: EJ1149271
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1357-5279
Physical Activity, Well-Being and Needs Satisfaction in Eight and Nine-Year-Old Children from Areas of Socio-Economic Disadvantage
Breslin, Gavin; Shannon, Stephen; Fitzpatrick, Ben; Hanna, Donncha; Belton, Sarahjane; Brennan, Deirdre
Child Care in Practice, v23 n3 p275-291 2017
Need-supportive environments have been shown to predict children's physical activity levels, and in a few cases to well-being. Grounded in self-determination theory (SDT), this cross-sectional study aimed to determine the influence of psychological need (competence and social relatedness) satisfaction on physical activity levels and well-being in children from areas of social and economic disadvantage. A total of 211 children aged eight and nine years from areas of low socio-economic status wore an accelerometer for one week, and completed a questionnaire assessing psychological need satisfaction and well-being. Confirmatory factor analysis and path analysis were conducted to assess the factor structure of the measures, and to test for theoretical relationships between psychological needs, physical activity and well-being. The factor structure of the instruments was supported, and a significant positive relationship was found between athletic competence and physical activity (ß = 0.19). Athletic competence (ß = 0.19), along with parental relatedness (ß = 0.32), positively predicted children's well-being. Physical activity alone did not predict well-being. Based on these findings, practitioners may consider components of SDT, reflective of need-supportive environments, when designing physical activity interventions. Interventions aimed at supporting children's perceptions of competence, and the involvement of parents, may offer the opportunity to increase well-being.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Northern Ireland); Ireland
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A