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ERIC Number: EJ1148978
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 5
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: EISSN-2167-8669
How to Increase Awareness about the Issues Relating to the Indigenous Cultures of the Americas
Gallegos-Ruiz, Antonieta; Jany, Carmen
International Research and Review, v4 n1 p18-22 Fall 2014
Teaching for cultural understanding has always posed many challenges regarding exactly what should be taught and how it should be presented. For instance: should students be taught a list of facts about another culture, which may lead to stereotyping? Should there be comparison between one's own and another culture, which may involve dealing with student attitudes, emotions, and beliefs? Should students learn about festivals, customs, literature, and food or should there be a greater focus on monuments and historic sites, which may lead to important omissions? (Omaggio Hadley, 2001). In addition to the difficult content selection process, professors often feel unprepared to teach students about a culture different from their own, since culture involves interdisciplinary knowledge. Moreover, once the content selection has been completed, professors need to address more general pedagogical issues. Research has shown that traditional lecture methods, in which professors talk and students listen, are less effective than "active learning" methods whereby students are actively engaged in higher-order thinking tasks, such as analysis, synthesis, and evaluation (Bonwell & Eison, 1991). Thus, professors need to find ways in which students are actively engaged and able to experience the culture. This paper discusses how these challenges to teaching cultural understanding have been addressed by two professors in two different courses: Humanities 460: "Language and Culture in Indigenous California," taught by Prof. Jany, and Spanish 370: "Literature of the Conquest," taught by Prof. Gallegos-Ruiz.
Phi Beta Delta, Honor Society for International Scholars. Administration Building Rooms 148 & 150, 5500 University Parkway, California State University, San Bernardino, CA 92407. Tel: 909-537-5018; Fax: 909-537-7458; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A