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ERIC Number: EJ1148730
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1543-1223
What's Important to Me: Identifying At-Risk and Resilient Students through Narrative Writing about Personal Values
Stepney, Cesalie T.; Elias, Maurice J.; Epstein, Yakov M.
Journal of Character Education, v11 n2 p129-147 2015
The study explored whether aspects of elementary students' writing about their personal values could predict if students were considered more at risk or more resilient. Essays from 176 fifth-grade students (79.54% African American, 20.46% Hispanic) from a low-income, urban district in New Jersey were analyzed using the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count software. Students also were assessed on self-concept, social skills, internalizing, externalizing and hyperactivity before and after essay writing, which were then used to predict at-risk and resilient cluster groups. Discriminant factor analysis revealed that the percentage of death-related words in the essays predicted at-risk group membership for male students and Hispanic students. The percentage of social process-related words was a significant predictor of resilience for Hispanic students. Results were replicated using Time 2 data. How Laws of Life essay characteristics can provide unobtrusive insight into the at-risk or resilience status in children from high-risk communities was discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Jersey
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Social Skills Rating System
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A