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ERIC Number: EJ1148438
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2295-3159
Prospects and Pitfalls in Combining Eye-Tracking Data and Verbal Reports
Helle, Laura
Frontline Learning Research, v5 n3 p1-12 2017
It is intuitively appealing to try to combine eye-tracking data and verbal reports when investigating medical image interpretation. However, before collecting such data, important decisions must be made, including exactly when and how to collect the verbal reports. The purpose of this methodological article is to reflect on the pros and cons of different solutions and to offer some guidelines to investigators. We start by exploring the ontology of vision and speech production and the epistemology of eye movements to grasp what fixations and verbal reports actually reflect. We are also interested in the major constraints of the two systems. Second, we elaborate on two dominant investigational approaches to verbal accounts: concurrent think-aloud and Chi's explanations. Later, we move on to other approaches. Third, we present and critically evaluate studies from the literature on medical image interpretation, specifically ones that have sought to contrast or integrate eye-movement data and verbal reports. Fourth, we conclude with some practical guidelines and suggestions for further research.
European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction. Peterseliegang 1, Box 1, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A