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ERIC Number: EJ1148095
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Aug
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1525-7401
Another Look at the Influence of Maternal Education on Preschoolers' Performance on Two Norm-Referenced Measures
Abel, Alyson D.; Schuele, C. Melanie; Arndt, Karen Barako; Lee, Marvin W.; Blankenship, Kathryn Guillot
Communication Disorders Quarterly, v38 n4 p231-241 Aug 2017
The purpose of this study was (a) to describe the performance of preschool children from families with college-educated mothers on two norm-referenced measures, the Preschool Language Scale-4 (PLS-4) and Peabody Picture Vocabulary Tests-III (PPVT-III), and (b) to compare the findings with Qi and colleagues who reported PLS and PPVT scores for children from lower income families. The study involved a secondary analysis of previously collected PLS-4 and PPVT-III data. Participants included 146 typically developing preschoolers who attended preschools serving primarily children from college-educated mothers. Mean standard scores on both measures were at the upper end or exceeded one standard deviation above the normative mean with distributions that approximated normal. Means also greatly exceeded the lower socioeconomic status (SES) group means reported by Qi and colleagues. These results suggest that subsample norms, based on SES, yield multiple distinct but overlapping distributions. Thus, test developers should consider providing subsample norms in addition to traditional population-based norms.
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS); National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tennessee
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Preschool Language Scale; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: 325D080075; 325D140087; RO3DC007329