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ERIC Number: EJ1148017
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-8756-8705
Utility of Oral Reading and Retell Fluency in Predicting Proficiency on the Montana Comprehensive Assessment System
Atkins, Trent L.; Cummings, Kelli D.
Rural Special Education Quarterly, v30 n2 p3-12 Jun 2011
The purpose of this study was to document the relationship between two commonly-used indicators of reading proficiency (i.e., Oral Reading Fluency [ORF] and Retell Fluency [RTF]) and two reading outcome tests in the state of Montana. Third and fourth grade students were assessed over 1 school year (2005-2006). Each student was assessed at three time points (fall, winter, and spring) with both the ORF and RTF measures. In addition, students participated in the standard, end-of-year, state comprehensive reading assessment. Both indicators displayed strong correlations with the criterion tests at the end of the school year. RTF added a small portion of unique variance explained to end-of-year outcomes when the raw scores (rather than ratio scores) were used. We highlight the way in which the ORF and RTF measures might be used together as efficient, economical predictors of important reading outcomes. We also provide information regarding the way in which the findings from this study impact special education services in rural settings.
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 3; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Montana
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS); Iowa Tests of Basic Skills
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A