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ERIC Number: EJ1147872
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Aug
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1568-4555
Myths and Realities of "Global" English
Phillipson, Robert
Language Policy, v16 n3 p313-331 Aug 2017
The expansion of English worldwide tends to be both seen and marketed uncritically, as a universally relevant lingua franca and medium of education. The post-1945 expansion of English was a deliberate policy of the US and UK governments, foreseen in a speech by Churchill. Elsewhere Churchill endorsed university academic freedom and autonomy, which neoliberal forces currently constrain. Imperial languages are promoted by means of linguicism, which many contemporary policies exemplify. Increased use of English results in a macro-sociolinguistic tension between national linguistic capital accumulation or dispossession. European colonisation was legitimated by the fraudulent myth of "terra nullius". Americanisation worldwide is furthered by projecting US norms and lifestyle as a "cultura nullius" for all. English is marketed as a "lingua nullius", for instance in British promotion of English worldwide, as though English is a universal "basic skill". This is false argumentation that echoes colonial discourse. Privileging English intensifies the gaps between the world's haves and have-nots. This is also now in effect in the countries of the European Union. Critical scholarship is needed to connect macro-level analysis with micro-level conceptual myth-making promoting global English.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom; United States; Europe
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A