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ERIC Number: EJ1147729
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Aug
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0034-6543
Students' Thinking about Effort and Ability: The Role of Developmental, Contextual, and Individual Difference Factors
Muenks, Katherine; Miele, David B.
Review of Educational Research, v87 n4 p707-735 Aug 2017
Students' thinking about the relation between effort and ability can influence their motivation, affect, and academic achievement. Students sometimes think of effort as inversely related to ability (such that people with low ability must work harder than people with high ability) and other times think of effort as positively related to ability (such that hard work can lead people to develop high levels of ability). The purposes of the present review are (a) to review literature on developmental, contextual, and individual difference factors that influence students' thinking about the relation between effort and ability in school and (b) to identify unresolved questions in this literature and present an extended theoretical framework that can help answer these questions. By providing researchers with a better understanding of how students think about effort and ability, we hope that this review will inspire new research in this area.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Elementary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A