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ERIC Number: EJ1147507
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1303-0485
An Investigation of the Factor Structure of the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking
Bart, William M.; Hokanson, Brad; Can, Iclal
Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, v17 n2 p515-528 Apr 2017
This study investigated the factorial structure of the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT) Figural Form A with an aim to find out whether the two-factor structure of creative thinking established by Kim and Kim, Cramond, and Bandalos holds true for the older participants. Data were gathered from 996 8th grade students and 748 11th grade students from a suburban public school system in Minnesota. Based on previous research and Kirton's Adaption-Innovation (KAI) theory, one and two-factor models were tested in the study. Upon checking the related assumptions, confirmatory factor analyses with Maximum Likelihood (ML) estimation were conducted using LISREL 8.71. The results indicated that a two-factor model established by Kim and her colleagues was a better fit than a one-factor model. This shows that fluency and originality load onto the latent variable termed the innovative factor, elaboration and abstractness of titles load onto the latent variable termed the adaptive factor, and resistance to premature closure loads on both latent variables. Our results suggest that any efforts to assess and promote creativity should take into consideration the two domains of creativity posited in KAI theory.
Educational Consultancy, Ltd (EDAM). Kisikli Mh. Alemdag Cd. Yan Yol Sk., SBK Is Merkezi No:5 Kat:1, Uskudar-Istanbul, 34692 Turkey. Tel: +90-216-481-30-23; Fax: +90-216-481-31-36; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Grade 11; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A