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ERIC Number: EJ1147133
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: EISSN-2157-9288
EISSN: N/A
Examining Experienced Teachers' Noticing of and Responses to Students' Engineering
Johnson, Aaron W.; Wendell, Kristen B.; Watkins, Jessica
Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research, v7 n1 Article 2 p25-35 2017
Engineering design places unique demands on teachers, as students are coming up with new, unanticipated ideas to problems along often unpredictable trajectories. These demands motivate a responsive approach to teaching, in which teachers attend their students' thinking and flexibly adapt their instructional plans and objectives. A great deal of literature has focused on responsive teaching in science and mathematics, but there has been little research or professional development on this approach in engineering. In this work, we conducted clinical video-based interviews with six elementary teachers experienced in teaching engineering to discuss what they noticed in their students' thinking and how they responded. Using analytical methods based on the grounded theory approach, we identified four themes in what teachers noticed in their students' engineering: how students (1) framed (or interpreted) the project; (2) engaged in the engineering design process; (3) exhibited informed designer patterns; and (4) communicated with each other in ways that supported their engineering. Although none of these teachers had a formal background in engineering, we show how these themes connect to disciplinary aspects of engineering design. We also identified challenges that teachers perceived facing when responding to students' work. By showing teachers' abilities and challenges for responsive teaching, these findings motivate a research and professional development agenda to support teachers in eliciting, noticing, and responding to their students' engineering. [This paper was originally published in the Proceedings of the 2016 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition, under the title "Dimensions of Experienced Responsive Teaching in Engineering."]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts
Grant or Contract Numbers: DRL1020243