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ERIC Number: EJ1146892
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Aug
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0741-7136
Does Nonformal Education Matter? Nonformal Education, Immigration, and Skills in Canada
Krupar, Allyson; Horvatek, Renata; Byun, Soo-yong
Adult Education Quarterly: A Journal of Research and Theory, v67 n3 p186-208 Aug 2017
This article examined the relationship between participation in adult nonformal education (NFE), defined as on-the-job training, attending private lessons, attending seminars, or distance learning, and Canadian immigrant respondents' literacy and numeracy outcomes, using data from the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies Survey. We found that although participation in some forms of NFE was significantly related to higher literacy and numeracy scores, such relationship tended to be greater for first-generation immigrants than for nonimmigrant adults, even after controlling for their linguistic and formal educational background. Our findings suggested that first-generation immigrants in Canada might benefit the most from increased participation in NFE programs and targeted policies.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A