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ERIC Number: EJ1146585
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1040-0419
Problem Space Matters: The Development of Creativity and Intelligence in Primary School Children
Welter, Marisete Maria; Jaarsveld, Saskia; Lachmann, Thomas
Creativity Research Journal, v29 n2 p125-132 2017
Previous research showed that in primary school, children's intelligence develops continually, but creativity develops more irregularly. In this study, the development of intelligence, measured traditionally, i.e., operating within well-defined problem spaces (Standard Progressive Matrices) was compared with the development of intelligence operating in ill-defined problem spaces (Creative Reasoning Task) and the development of creativity (Test of Creative Thinking-Drawing Production), in primary school children (N = 175) across four grade levels. Results showed that problem space matters: Traditional intelligence test scores increased regularly with grade level, whereas creativity, as well as intelligence operating in an ill-defined problem space, developed irregularly but similarly. This suggests that when creativity is fostered, intelligence's ability to operate in ill-defined problem space may be fostered, likewise.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices