ERIC Number: EJ1146534
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
It's All a Matter of Perspective: Viewing First-Person Video Modeling Examples Promotes Learning of an Assembly Task
Fiorella, Logan; van Gog, Tamara; Hoogerheide, Vincent; Mayer, Richard E.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v109 n5 p653-665 Jul 2017
The present study tests whether presenting video modeling examples from the learner's (first-person) perspective promotes learning of an assembly task, compared to presenting video examples from a third-person perspective. Across 2 experiments conducted in different labs, university students viewed a video showing how to assemble an 8-component circuit on a circuit board. Students who viewed the assembly video recorded from a first-person perspective performed significantly better than those who viewed the video from a third-person perspective on accuracy in assembling the circuit in both experiments and on time to assemble the circuit in Experiment 1, but not in Experiment 2. Concerning boundary conditions, the perspective effect was stronger for more complex tasks (Experiment 1), but was not moderated by imitating the actions during learning (Experiment 1) or explaining how to build the circuit during the test (Experiment 2). This work suggests a perspective principle for instructional video in which students learn better when video reflects a first-person perspective. An explanation based on embodied theories of learning and instruction is provided.
Descriptors: Perspective Taking, Video Technology, Instructional Materials, Modeling (Psychology), Observational Learning, Task Analysis, Experiments, College Students, Hypothesis Testing, Difficulty Level, Imitation, Object Manipulation, Equipment, Learning Processes, Outcomes of Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Statistical Analysis, Error Patterns, Recognition (Psychology), Computer Assisted Testing, Foreign Countries
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research (ONR)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands
Grant or Contract Numbers: N000141110225; N0001416112046