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ERIC Number: EJ1146361
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Aug
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0018-1560
Facilitating Academic Performance in College: Understanding the Role of Clear and Organized Instruction
Roksa, Josipa; Trolian, Teniell L.; Blaich, Charles; Wise, Kathleen
Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education Research, v74 n2 p283-300 Aug 2017
Extensive research on college impact has identified a range of practices that enhance students' academic outcomes. One practice--clear and organized instruction--has received increasing attention in recent research. While a number of studies have shown that clear and organized instruction is related to a range of postsecondary outcomes, researchers have not considered the mechanisms that link this educational practice to student outcomes. In this study, we draw on the constructivist theory of learning to identify potential mechanisms that may explain the relationship between clear and organized instruction and academic performance. Results from the Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts Education, including an analytical sample of 7116 students attending 38 four-year institutions in the USA, indicate that three mechanisms examined--faculty interest in teaching and student development, academic motivation, and academic engagement--explain almost two-thirds of the relationship between clear and organized instruction and first-year GPA. When students experience greater exposure to clear and organized instruction, they perceive their faculty as being more invested in their learning and development, and they report being more academically motivated and engaged in their studies. Moreover, students who enter college less academically prepared benefit more from exposure to clear and organized instruction.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A