ERIC Number: EJ1146178
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
A Longitudinal Analysis of Stress among Incoming College Freshmen
Garett, Renee; Liu, Sam; Young, Sean D.
Journal of American College Health, v65 n5 p331-338 2017
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to: (1) examine changes in stress during first semester among freshmen undergraduates and (2) identify predictors of stress (coping strategies, emotional states, and quality of sleep). Participants: One hundred ninety-seven freshmen students were recruited for a 10-week study during first quarter (October-December, 2015). Methods: Students completed weekly self-report surveys on stress, coping strategies, emotions, and quality of sleep. A generalized linear mixed model was used for analyses. Results: Stress was elevated during examinations periods. Women reported a greater stress level than men. Increased stress level was significantly associated with lower sleep quality and greater negative emotions (fear, anger). Exercise was an effective stress coping strategy, while other coping methods (Internet usage, meditation, and self-isolation) were associated with higher stress. Social media usage did not influence stress level. Conclusions: Future stress management programs for freshmen need to consider gender differences and may focus on sleep, exercise, and decreased general Internet usage.
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Anxiety, College Freshmen, Psychological Patterns, Undergraduate Students, Social Media, Coping, Student Surveys, Sleep, Internet, College Bound Students, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Stress Variables, Likert Scales
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Secondary Education; High Schools
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH); National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID/NIH); National Institute on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California (Los Angeles)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A