ERIC Number: EJ1145713
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
Cross-Cultural Differences in the Development of Behavior Problems: Contributions of Infant Temperament in Russia and U.S.
Maria A. Gartstein,; Slobodskaya, Helena R.; Kirchhoff, Cornelia; Putnam, Samuel P.
International Journal of Developmental Science, v7 n2 p95-104 2013
The present study was designed to examine cross-cultural differences in longitudinal links between infant temperament toddler behavior problems in the U.S. (N= 250) and Russia (N= 129). Profiles of risk/protective temperament factors varied across the two countries, with fewer significant temperament effects observed for the Russian, relative to the U.S. children. Regression analyses indicated important contributions for high levels of infant Negative Affectivity, and low levels of Falling Reactivity and Soothability, to Internalizing type difficulties for U.S., but not Russian, youngsters. Falling Reactivity also lowered the risk for Externalizing problems in the U.S., with Vocal Reactivity emerging as a marginal risk factor for Externalizing difficulties in Russia only. In addition, a number of mean differences between Russia and U.S. with respect to temperament and behavior problem scores, as well as significant interactions between culture and gender for Fear and Low Intensity Pleasure, emerged. Overall, this pattern of results may be indicative of greater importance of early self-regulation of negative emotions for children in the U.S.
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Behavior Problems, Risk, Regression (Statistics), Foreign Countries, Cultural Differences, Infants, Affective Behavior, Correlation, Personality, Scores, Metacognition, Self Control, Emotional Response, Infant Behavior, Check Lists, Child Behavior, Questionnaires, Mothers, Parent Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia; United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Child Behavior Checklist
Grant or Contract Numbers: 5T32MH1893