NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1145574
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0260-7476
The Use of Cooperative Procedures in Teacher Education and Professional Development
Johnson, David W.; Johnson, Roger T.
Journal of Education for Teaching: International Research and Pedagogy, v43 n3 p284-295 2017
Two aspects of teacher education for cooperative learning are the content taught and the processes used to teach the content. Of the two, the processes used may have the most powerful influences on the desired outcomes. One important theory related to the processes of learning is social interdependence theory. It posits that there are three ways to structure the learning processes in educational situations: cooperatively, competitively and individualistically. To structure cooperation among participants, five basic elements are needed: positive interdependence, individual accountability, promotive interaction, social skills and group processing. The large body of research on social interdependence indicates that cooperative, compared to competitive and individualistic learning, tends to promote (a) higher levels of achievement, retention and transfer of what is taught; (b) long-term implementation; (c) the internalisation of the required attitudes values and behaviour patterns; (d) the integration of the new procedures into teachers' professional identity; and (e) membership in the community of practice. Each of these processes will be examined in this article.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A