ERIC Number: EJ1145542
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 65
Adolescent-Perceived Parent and Teacher Overestimation of Mathematics Ability: Developmental Implications for Students' Mathematics Task Values
Gniewosz, Burkhard; Watt, Helen M. G.
Developmental Psychology, v53 n7 p1371-1383 Jul 2017
This study examines whether and how student-perceived parents' and teachers' overestimation of students' own perceived mathematical ability can explain trajectories for adolescents' mathematical task values (intrinsic and utility) controlling for measured achievement, following expectancy-value and self-determination theories. Longitudinal data come from a 3-cohort (mean ages 13.25, 12.36, and 14.41 years; Grades 7-10), 4-wave data set of 1,271 Australian secondary school students. Longitudinal structural equation models revealed positive effects of student-perceived overestimation of math ability by parents and teachers on students' intrinsic and utility math task values development. Perceived parental overestimations predicted intrinsic task value changes between all measurement occasions, whereas utility task value changes only were predicted between Grades 9 and 10. Parental influences were stronger for intrinsic than utility task values. Teacher influences were similar for both forms of task values and commenced after the curricular school transition in Grade 8. Results support the assumptions that the perceived encouragement conveyed by student-perceived mathematical ability beliefs of parents and teachers, promote positive mathematics task values development. Moreover, results point to different mechanisms underlying parents' and teachers' support. Finally, the longitudinal changes indicate transition-related increases in the effects of student-perceived overestimations and stronger effects for intrinsic than utility values.
Descriptors: Adolescents, Parents, Teachers, Mathematics Skills, Student Attitudes, Mathematics Achievement, Expectation, Self Determination, Longitudinal Studies, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries, Influences, Value Judgment, Student Surveys, Structural Equation Models, Attitude Change, Mothers, Fathers
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Grade 8; Grade 9; High Schools; Grade 10
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia