ERIC Number: EJ1145504
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
Rumination Hinders Recovery from Ostracism
Wesselmann, Eric D.; Ren, Dongning; Swim, Emily; Williams, Kipling D.
International Journal of Developmental Science, v7 n1 p33-39 2013
Ostracism--being ignored and excluded--is a painful event that threatens fundamental needs. Ostracized individuals' reflective responses focus on cognitive appraisal and motivated recovery, and previous research suggests these appraisals can help or hinder recovery. Rumination is a negative style of cognitive appraisal that often leads to maladaptive coping strategies by prolonging distress and impeding individuals' active actions toward problem solving. We hypothesized that rumination would hinder individuals' ability to recover from ostracism in a laboratory experiment. We randomly assigned participants (N = 112, average age 19.67) to be included or ostracized in an online group interaction, and then either allowed them to ruminate or distracted them. Ostracized participants who were allowed to ruminate reported more distress than ostracized participants who were distracted, suggesting less recovery. We then discuss the developmental implications for rumination and effects on chronically ostracized individuals.
Descriptors: Social Isolation, Interpersonal Relationship, Hypothesis Testing, Coping, Cognitive Processes, Comparative Analysis, Undergraduate Students, Video Games, Group Activities, Attitude Measures, Student Attitudes, Satisfaction, Statistical Analysis, Interaction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 0519209