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ERIC Number: EJ1145421
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jun
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0143-0343
Investigating Associations between School Climate and Bullying in Secondary Schools: Multilevel Contextual Effects Modeling
Konishi, Chiaki; Miyazaki, Yasuo; Hymel, Shelley; Waterhouse, Terry
School Psychology International, v38 n3 p240-263 Jun 2017
This study examined how student reports of bullying were related to different dimensions of school climate, at both the school and the student levels, using a contextual effects model in a two-level multilevel modeling framework. Participants included 48,874 secondary students (grades 8 to 12; 24,244 girls) from 76 schools in Western Canada. Results revealed significant associations for student perceptions of all school-climate dimensions at the student level and for a majority of the aggregated school-climate dimensions (except adult-related variables) at the school level in relation to bullying, when each school-climate dimension was included as the sole predictor in the contextual effects model. When examining the roles of all school-climate dimensions together, results showed that, at the school level, the effects of three school-climate variables--peer support, discipline/fairness/clarity of rules, and school safety--remained significant predictors of being bullied and bullying others, controlling for the effects of other school-climate dimensions at both the school and the student levels. The implications of these findings for building a safe and caring school environment are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Grade 8; Grade 9; Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A