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ERIC Number: EJ1145368
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jul
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0305-0009
Variations in the Recruitment of Syntactic Knowledge Contribute to SES Differences in Syntactic Development
Leech, Kathryn A.; Rowe, Meredith L.; Huang, Yi Ting
Journal of Child Language, v44 n4 p995-1009 Jul 2017
Average differences in children's language abilities by socioeconomic status (SES) emerge early in development and predict academic achievement. Previous research has focused on coarse-grained outcome measures such as vocabulary size, but less is known about the extent to which SES differences exist in children's strategies for comprehension and learning. We measured children's (N = 98) comprehension of passive sentences to investigate whether SES differences are more pronounced in overall knowledge of the construction or in more specific abilities to process sentences during real-time interpretation. SES differences in comprehension emerged when syntactic revision of passives was necessary, and disappeared when the need to revise was removed. Further, syntactic revision but not knowledge of the passive best explained the association between SES and a standardized measure of syntactic development. These results demonstrate that SES differences in syntactic development may result from how children recruit syntactic information within sentences.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 0801465