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ERIC Number: EJ1145338
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0032-0684
Exploring Educational Leadership in Rural Schools
Parson, Laura; Hunter, Cheryl A.; Kallio, Brenda
Planning and Changing, v47 n1-2 p63-81 2016
Using qualitative survey data and focus groups, this statewide study explored the experiences of the North Dakota rural principal. The intent of this study was to develop an understanding of the rural principalship in a state with a predominantly rural population and informed by personal experiences of principals. Using qualitative thematic analysis subsequently layered upon instructional leadership theories, the data supports recognition that principals' roles, power, and constraints in rural schools differ according to enrollment size. Leadership was defined and discussed as either transactional or instructional leadership, with participatory and transformative leadership relatively absent from the data. A different type of support and resources are needed by rural principals to enhance school success. These findings suggest that principal training programs and professional development programs must be tailored to meet the needs of the rural principal with an eye to providing experiences in transformative leadership.
Department of Educational Administration and Foundations. College of Education, Illinois State University, Campus Box 5900, Normal, IL 61790-5900. Tel: 309-438-2399; Fax: 309-438-8683; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Dakota
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A