ERIC Number: EJ1145316
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
The Discontinuity of Offending among African American Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
Williams, Abigail B.; Ryan, Joseph P.; Davis-Kean, Pamela E.; McLoyd, Vonnie C.; Schulenberg, John E.
Youth & Society, v49 n5 p610-633 Jul 2017
Little is known about what factors contribute to African American youth desisting from offending. Participants were 3,230 moderate- to high-risk adolescents from Washington State who completed a statewide risk assessment to assess the likelihood of recidivism. Participants were screened by juvenile probation officers between 2003 and 2010. Researchers investigated whether youth possessed protective factors and whether developmental change took place after contact with the juvenile justice system. It was hypothesized that having protective factors would decrease the likelihood of recidivism and the impact of each factor would differ by gender. Findings indicate African American youth have protective factors across a range of domains. However, little developmental change occurs after contact with the juvenile justice system. Impulse control, parental supervision, and pro-social peers were important for reducing recidivism. Problem solving was more influential for African American males, while impulse control and parental supervision were more influential for African American females. Implications for practice and policy are discussed.
Descriptors: African Americans, Youth, Juvenile Justice, Delinquency, At Risk Persons, Recidivism, Resilience (Psychology), Developmental Stages, Hypothesis Testing, Gender Differences, Self Control, Parenting Styles, Prosocial Behavior, Peer Influence, Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Institutions, Screening Tests, Surveys
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Washington
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A