NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1145241
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2155-6849
Playing against the Game
Remmele, Bernd
International Journal of Game-Based Learning, v7 n3 p74-82 2017
The paper first outlines a differentiation of play/game-motivations that include "negative" attitudes against the play/game itself like cheating or spoilsporting. This problem is of particular importance in concern of learning games because they are not "played" for themselves--at least in the first place--but due to an instructional scheme. So they are likely to provoke resistance among the "players" or learners. However, because they are introduced as a games, a certain extent a playful sphere is created. This opens the space for a previously neglected negative behaviour: "playing against the game". The player--not so much the learner--creates a new game by "testing" the game, by acting at specific points in contrast to the instructional scheme and/or the original idea or narrative of the game. Secondly, the paper will present empirical evidence concerning this phenomenon of "playing against the game". The evidence comes from the evaluation of three different learning games. Student answers to usual motivational questions like: "The game was fun"--"I wanted to be better than the others"--"It was a good feeling to make strategic decisions", will be compared to questions of resistance like: "I wanted to know what happens when my avatar was not doing well"--"I wanted to see what happens if I choose a bad strategy."--"I wanted to know when the company goes bankrupt." The data shows that--partly depending on complexity, playfulness and anonymity of the game- a relevant number of players/learners use this negative behaviour. Nevertheless, this behaviour can still be a way of interacting with the subject matter of the game.
IGI Global. 701 East Chocolate Avenue, Hershey, PA 17033. Tel: 866-342-6657; Tel: 717-533-8845; Fax: 717-533-8661; Fax: 717-533-7115; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A