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ERIC Number: EJ1145237
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jun
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2252-8822
Format of Options in Multiple Choice Test vis-a-vis Test Performance
Bendulo, Hermabeth O.; Tibus, Erlinda D.; Bande, Rhodora A.; Oyzon, Voltaire Q.; Milla, Norberto E.; Macalinao, Myrna L.
International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, v6 n2 p157-163 Jun 2017
Testing or evaluation in an educational context is primarily used to measure or evaluate and authenticate the academic readiness, learning advancement, acquisition of skills, or instructional needs of learners. This study tried to determine whether the varied combinations of arrangements of options and letter cases in a Multiple-Choice Test (MCT) affect the test performance of the homogenous BEED students. A test was designed and administered to test the performance across test items employing different arrangements of options (Cascading Eye Movement, Inverted N Eye Movement, Z Eye Movement, and One-line Horizontal Eye Movement) and across case of letter options (upper and lower case), that is, a total of eight (8) treatments. The statistical analyses revealed that there is an insignificant difference in the mean performance of students in relation to letter cases and arrangement of letter choices in a multiple choice test. Thus, the test performance of students in a multiple choice type of test does not depend on either letter cases or arrangement of letter choices.
Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science. C5 Plumbon, Banguntapan, Yogyakarta, 55198, Indonesia. Tel: +62-274-4534501; Fax: +62-274-564604; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Philippines
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A