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ERIC Number: EJ1145077
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jun
Pages: 45
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0002-8312
Does Participation in Music and Performing Arts Influence Child Development?
Foster, E. Michael; Jenkins, Jade V. Marcus
American Educational Research Journal, v54 n3 p399-443 Jun 2017
This article reconsiders the association between childhood arts participation and cognitive and developmental outcomes. Using data from a large, nationally representative sample with extensive covariates, we employ propensity score weighting to adjust comparisons of children who do and do not participate in arts education (music and performing arts lessons) to address potential confounding from selection into arts education. We examine a broad range of outcomes in adolescence and early adulthood (e.g., GPA, self-esteem, college attendance). Our results show that selection into arts education is at least as strong as any direct effect on outcomes, providing no support for the causal associations between arts participation and cognitive outcomes. We do find that arts education increases arts engagement during young adulthood.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Endowment for the Arts
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children; Behavior Problem Checklist
Grant or Contract Numbers: C11119