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ERIC Number: EJ1145017
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Feb
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1545-679X
Comparing Top-Down with Bottom-Up Approaches: Teaching Data Modeling
Kung, Hsiang-Jui; Kung, LeeAnn; Gardiner, Adrian
Information Systems Education Journal, v11 n1 p14-24 Feb 2013
Conceptual database design is a difficult task for novice database designers, such as students, and is also therefore particularly challenging for database educators to teach. In the teaching of database design, two general approaches are frequently emphasized: top-down and bottom-up. In this paper, we present an empirical comparison of students' performance between these two approaches in a conceptual data modeling exercise. Our results indicate that, while prior database education had a significant effect on the quality of design performance, the chosen approach did not. The findings suggest that database educators should integrate both top-down and bottom-up approaches in database design showing the differences and similarities between the two approaches to improve students' learning of data modeling.
Information Systems and Computing Academic Professionals. Box 488, Wrightsville Beach, NC 28480. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A