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ERIC Number: EJ1144969
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1072-4303
Soft Assembling Project-Based Learning and Leadership in Japan
Knight, Kevin; Murphey, Tim
TESL-EJ, v21 n1 May 2017
In this article, we initially focus on how the conceptualization of leadership by Knight (2013a) in his leadership seminars became the basis for choosing a project-based learning (PBL) approach. We then consider how soft assembling can enhance the leadership project activities of student teams and group-work in general classes. Soft assembling refers to the assembling of elements during a process that is likely to be useful in conducting the process and achieving a goal. To be effective in soft assembling, students need to be able to adjust their "interactive sensitivities" in what Murphey (1990, 1996a, 2013a) refers to as zones of proximal adjusting (ZPAs). We conclude that instruction in soft assembling can facilitate the communications in student teams necessary to do what Knight (2013a) describes as the "leadership process"; that is, the creating of a vision and the achieving of that vision.
TESL-EJ. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A