ERIC Number: EJ1144940
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Self-Efficacy and Literacy: A Paired Difference Approach to Estimation of Over-/Under-Confidence in Mathematics- and Science-Related Tasks
Cheema, Jehanzeb R.; Skultety, Lisa S.
Educational Psychology, v37 n6 p652-665 2017
Subject-specific self-efficacy is a measure of confidence in one's own ability to complete tasks related to that subject. This confidence does not necessarily reflect actual ability in the subject and can be an over- or underestimate of true ability. We use nationally representative samples of 15-year-old students from the US to measure the degree of over-/under-confidence in mathematics and science, and explore its relationship with student demographic characteristics such as gender, grade and race. Our results suggest that white students consistently underestimate their ability, whereas black and Hispanic students consistently overestimate it. This pattern in over-/under-confidence persists even after controlling for student and school level differences. Implications are discussed.
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Scientific Literacy, Mathematics Skills, Adolescents, Ability, Student Characteristics, Demography, Gender Differences, Instructional Program Divisions, Racial Differences, White Students, African American Students, Hispanic American Students, Student Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students, International Assessment, Statistical Analysis, Scores
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment