ERIC Number: EJ1144488
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Community College Student Dropouts from Higher Education: Toward a Comprehensive Conceptual Model
Davidson, J. Cody; Wilson, Kristin B.
Community College Journal of Research and Practice, v41 n8 p517-530 2017
Historically, higher education research has focused on traditional students (i.e., recent high school graduates at a residential, 4-year institutions), but community college students are quickly becoming the new traditional student (Jenkins, 2012). In the fall of 2011, more than one third (36%) of all students enrolled in postsecondary education and almost half (46.7%) of all students enrolled in a public postsecondary institution were enrolled at a community college (Knapp, Kelly-Reid, & Ginder, 2012). However, community colleges have struggled to match the persistence rates at other institutional types. The 2011 2-year public community college national 3-year persistence-to-degree rate was 26.9% (American College Testing [ACT], 2011). The purpose of this paper is to review the literature regarding the most prominent theoretical frameworks for community college student persistence and suggest a new theoretical construct. The resultant framework is termed the Collective Affiliation Model because it views the student's sense of belonging with the college as only one of many senses of belonging in the student's life (e.g., family, work). The Collective Affiliation Model does not view student dropout as the student's inability to integrate into the life of the institution; rather, it views it as the institution's inability to collectively affiliate with the student. This model's strength is that it does not work from a student deficit model. Instead, it provides a new framework for researchers and practitioners to better understand and address student drop-out at community colleges.
Descriptors: Higher Education, Community Colleges, Dropout Characteristics, Dropout Rate, Literature Reviews, Academic Persistence, Sense of Community, Models, School Holding Power, Family Work Relationship, Institutional Characteristics, Social Theories, Dropout Prevention
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Two Year Colleges
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A