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ERIC Number: EJ1144427
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-May-22
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1068-2341
Were the Student's Actions a Manifestation of the Student's Disability? The Need for Policy Change and Guidance
Lewis, Maria M.
Education Policy Analysis Archives, v25 n50 May 2017
Under federal special education law, before a school district may discipline a student with a disability for greater than 10 days, it must first determine whether the student's actions were a manifestation of his or her disability (IDEA, 2004). This requirement, referred to as manifestation determination review (MDR), aims to ensure that students with disabilities do not experience a significant disciplinary change in placement for actions that are caused by their disabilities. This article will discuss the evolution of the legal standard and the policy implications of a study that examined 80 MDR decisions in one large urban school district.
Colleges of Education at Arizona State University and the University of South Florida. c/o Editor, USF EDU162, 4202 East Fowler Avenue, Tampa, FL 33620-5650. Tel: 813-974-3400; Fax: 813-974-3826; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; Goss v Lopez
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A