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ERIC Number: EJ1144312
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0146-3934
Family Socioeconomic Status and Choice of STEM Major in College: An Analysis of a National Sample
Niu, Lian
College Student Journal, v51 n2 p298-312 Sum 2017
The current study uses the data of Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS: 2002) to examine patterns of choice of STEM majors in college by students from different family socioeconomic (SES) backgrounds. Logistic regression results show that low-SES students are disadvantaged in the pursuit of STEM majors. Higher family SES compensates for negative predictors of STEM enrollment, such as gender and race, and strengthens the effect of positive predictor, such as math preparation. The gender and racial gaps in STEM enrollment narrows for students from higher SES families, and the positive correlation between math preparation and STEM enrollment strengthens with the increase of family SES, except for lowest SES students. Family's immigrant background does not play a role in choice of STEM major. Results indicate that low-SES students may not possess the information and/or skills necessary to make well-informed decision of STEM enrollment so as to maximize their opportunity to succeed in college.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF); National Center for Education Statistics (ED); National Postsecondary Education Cooperative (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A