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ERIC Number: EJ1144246
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jul
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Measuring Theory of Mind in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Brewer, Neil; Young, Robyn L.; Barnett, Emily
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v47 n7 p1927-1941 Jul 2017
Deficits in Theory of Mind (ToM)--the ability to interpret others' beliefs, intentions and emotions--undermine the ability of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to interact in socially normative ways. This study provides psychometric data for the Adult-Theory of Mind (A-ToM) measure using video-scenarios based in part on Happé's (Instructions for theory of mind story task, 1999) Strange Stories test. The final items discriminated IQ-matched adults with ASD from controls on the social but not the physical items. Additional validity data included a two-component principal components solution, correlations with existing ToM scales, and the absence of correlations with self-report measures of empathy and social anxiety (not requiring inferences about the intent of others). The expected group differences in ToM were accompanied by marked variability in the ASD sample.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Intelligence Scales Short Forms; Interpersonal Reactivity Index
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A