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ERIC Number: EJ1144163
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0146-3934
Similarities of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption, Lutein/Zeaxanthin and Lycopene Intakes between Hispanic-American College Students and Their Respective Parents: A Two Generation and Gender Study
Tam, Chick; Janeke, Emilia; Chan, Oi Ling; Xi, Emily; Sarkissian-Pakachet, Ivet; Banchi, Waka
College Student Journal, v51 n2 p260-278 Sum 2017
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of age and gender on the consumption of fruits and vegetables, lutein/zeaxanthin (lut+zea) and lycopene (lyc) in Hispanic-American college students living in the same household with their respective parents. There were 160 subjects (42 males and 118 females) including 80 young (ages 18-49) and 80 old (ages 50-85) participants. A 3-day dietary record was used to capture their fruit and vegetable intakes, and the data were analyzed by the SPSS statistical program. A total 3-day consumption of (lut+zea) and (lyc) was calculated using the USDA-NCC database for US foods to provide data on foods containing these nutrients for 100 grams edible portions. The results indicated that the total amount of their 3-day fruit and vegetable consumption was similar between the old and the young population. Young Hispanic females consumed less number of servings of fruits (P<0.029) than their young male counterparts. Although they ate less vegetables and starchy vegetables compared to the young Hispanic males, there was no statistical difference. Similar trend was observed in the old Hispanic females when compared the old Hispanic males. Respectively, they are eating less fruits, vegetables and starchy vegetables, but no statistical differences were observed between these groups. Overall, the total male group consumed more fruits, vegetables and starchy vegetables than the females in both the young and old groups. However, none of them met the 5-A-Day recommendation established by the USDA. The results indicated that the old Hispanics consumed more (lut+zea) and (lyc) when compared to the consumption of the young Hispanics, however, there was no statistical difference. In comparison between the same age groups, young females ate less number of servings of fruits, vegetables and starchy vegetables, yet consumed more (lut+zea) and (lyc) respectively than the young males (P<0.05). This may be due to their better choices of vegetables, fruits and starchy vegetables enriched with carotenoids in this group. Old females consumed more (lut+zea) but less (lyc) than the old males while old males consumed more (lut+zea) and (lyc) respectively than those of the young males. There was no statistically significant difference found among groups. These small differences may be due to the choices of different types of vegetables, fruits and starchy vegetables, among groups. It is noteworthy that none of the survey subjects reached the recommended intakes of 6 mg/day lutein/zeaxanthin and 3.7 mg/day for lycopene in the U.S. These inadequate intakes lead to a concern for the lack of prevention against Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) as well as other health problems in this Hispanic population.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California (Los Angeles)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A