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ERIC Number: EJ1143612
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 16
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1535-0584
Civic Sport: Using High School Athletics to Teach Civic Values in the Progressive Era
Stacy, Michelle
American Educational History Journal, v42 n2 p151-166 2015
The development of basketball and athletics during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries reflected a greater movement of education reform, civic development, and gender in the United States. In the twentieth century, Progressive Era reformers sought to remedy the ills of society such as urbanization, industrialization, and the lack of democratic knowledge amongst immigrants, through government-sponsored reform. Public education reformers believed that schools could assimilate immigrants and train children to be democratic citizens, thus creating a democratic community. During the Progressive Era, secondary school athletics became increasingly important as a method of creating a community of democratic men. By embracing the rhetoric of citizenship, physical educators blurred the lines between physical education and social education. Therefore, athletics became associated with both physical education and social studies departments, and when school administrators needed faculty coaches, they looked to teachers in both curricular areas. Since sports developed citizenship, athletic expertise was not the sole focus of physical education. Thus, high school athletics developed as one of many Progressive Era reforms that trained future citizens, particularly immigrants, in civic values. These civic ends have been hidden in recent years with the development of athletic scholarships and the increased focus on the professionalization of sport.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A