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ERIC Number: EJ1143174
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jun
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0175
Alternating Incubation Effects in the Generation of Category Exemplars
Smith, Steven M.; Gerkens, David R.; Angello, Genna
Journal of Creative Behavior, v51 n2 p95-106 Jun 2017
Four experiments tested the forgetting fixation hypothesis of incubation effects, comparing continuous vs. alternating generation of exemplars from three different types of categories. In two experiments, participants who listed as many members as possible from two different categories produced more responses, and more novel responses, when they alternated back and forth between the two categories, as compared to continuous uninterrupted listing from each of the two categories. This incubation effect was not found in Experiment 1, when participants were given taxonomic categories ("birds" and "clothing") for the generation task, but was found in Experiment 2 with sense impression categories ("cold things" and "heavy things"), and in Experiment 3 with "ad hoc" categories ("equipment you take camping" and "fattening foods"). A similar incubation effect was observed in Experiment 4 when a non-verbal task was given between category generation tasks, but only for flexibly defined categories. The results suggest that forgetting from one alternating listing period to the next in the form of altering category cue representations was consistent with the observed incubation effects. These "alternating incubation" effects have implications for understanding cognitive processes that underlie creative cognition.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A