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ERIC Number: EJ1143065
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 16
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1535-0584
The Spartan Woman: Symbol for an Age? Antebellum-Era Images of the Ideal Female Citizen in the North and South
McInnis, Edward
American Educational History Journal, v43 n2 p195-210 2016
Reformers during the antebellum period of American history frequently expressed contradictory ideas on the topic of female education. These contradictions illustrate the challenge historians face in pinning down the female educational vision held by antebellum-era reformers. That the classics comprised the core of colonial and revolutionary era schooling constitutes one reason antebellum-era journalists and reformers looked to Sparta for moral and social values. In this article, the author argues that many antebellum-era writers favored Spartan-like female citizens along with a Spartan-style education because they believed female citizens should encourage their husbands and sons to defend their country, rather than maintain a comfortable home. In addition, these reformers wanted rugged, physically fit, and stoic female citizens who would produce healthy and obedient children and then teach them to willingly serve the state.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A