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ERIC Number: EJ1142919
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-May
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0364-0213
Of Papers and Pens: Polysemes and Homophones in Lexical (Mis)Selection
Li, Leon; Slevc, L. Robert
Cognitive Science, v41 suppl 6 p1532-1548 May 2017
Every word signifies multiple senses. Many studies using comprehension-based measures suggest that polysemes' senses (e.g., "paper" as in "printer paper" or "term paper") share lexical representations, whereas homophones' meanings (e.g., "pen" as in "ballpoint pen" or "pig pen") correspond to distinct lexical representations. Less is known about the lexical representations of polysemes compared to homophones in language production. In this study, speakers named pictures after reading sentence fragments that primed polysemes and homophones either as direct competitors to pictures (i.e., semantic-competitors), or as indirect-competitors to pictures (e.g., polysemous senses of semantic competitors, or homophonous meanings of semantic competitors). Polysemes (e.g., "paper") elicited equal numbers of intrusions to picture names (e.g., "cardboard") compared to in control conditions whether primed as direct competitors ("printer paper") or as indirect-competitors ("term paper"). This contrasted with the finding that homophones (e.g., "pen") elicited more intrusions to picture names (e.g., crayon) compared to in control conditions when primed as direct competitors ("ballpoint pen") than when primed as indirect-competitors ("pig pen"). These results suggest that polysemes, unlike homophones, are stored and retrieved as unified lexical representations.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A