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ERIC Number: EJ1141943
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0279-6015
Empirical Investigation of Word Callers Who Are English Learners
Knight-Teague, Kerri; Vanderwood, Michael L.; Knight, Erin
School Psychology Review, v43 n1 p3-18 2014
Oral reading fluency is frequently used in school settings to assess student reading skills, but it is somewhat commonly believed that some students can read words fluently while not comprehending (i.e., word callers). Previous studies examining the prevalence of word callers typically included native English speakers rather than English learners (ELs). Third- and fifth-grade ELs were screened with a measure of oral reading fluency and given a large-scale measure of reading comprehension. In addition, teacher judgments of participants' reading skills were explored with a focus on the accuracy of teachers' word caller nominations in their classrooms. The results showed that word callers who are ELs emerged at a similar level in the third (6%) and fifth (8%) grades. The third-grade proportion was higher than in previous studies with native English speakers. Analysis of teacher ratings indicated that there were inaccuracies associated with teachers' judgments of reading skills.
National Association of School Psychologists. 4340 East West Highway Suite 402, Bethesda, MD 20814. Tel: 301-657-0270; Fax: 301-657-0275; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 3; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A