NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1141868
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jun
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0042-0972
School Discipline Disparity: Converging Efforts for Better Student Outcomes
Okilwa, Nathern S.; Robert, Catherine
Urban Review: Issues and Ideas in Public Education, v49 n2 p239-262 Jun 2017
School policies and practices have historically lent themselves to disproportionate suspension and expulsion rates based on students' race, gender, and disability. The disparity between racial minorities, particularly Black males, and their White peers has generated concern from various stakeholders. Using Kingdon's ("Agendas, alternatives, and public policies." Addison-Westley Educational Publishers, New York, 2003) window of opportunity framework, the purpose of this conceptual article is to spotlight the potential convergence of efforts hence creating an opportunity for school discipline reform to gain momentum. Kingdon's three critical streams for problem solving, i.e., the problem, political, and policy, are each examined in the context of the pervasive school discipline disproportionality.
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A