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ERIC Number: EJ1141304
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jun
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0013-1644
What Constitutes Science and Scientific Evidence: Roles of Null Hypothesis Testing
Chang, Mark
Educational and Psychological Measurement, v77 n3 p475-488 Jun 2017
We briefly discuss the philosophical basis of science, causality, and scientific evidence, by introducing the hidden but most fundamental principle of science: the similarity principle. The principle's use in scientific discovery is illustrated with Simpson's paradox and other examples. In discussing the value of null hypothesis statistical testing, the controversies in multiple regression, and multiplicity issues in statistics, we describe how these difficult issues should be handled based on our interpretation of the similarity principle.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A