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ERIC Number: EJ1141241
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jun
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1053-0819
Effects of Signaled Positive Reinforcement on Problem Behavior Maintained by Negative Reinforcement
Schieltz, Kelly M.; Wacker, David P.; Romani, Patrick W.
Journal of Behavioral Education, v26 n2 p137-150 Jun 2017
We evaluated the effects of providing positive reinforcement for task completion, signaled via the presence of a tangible item, on escape-maintained problem behavior displayed by three typically developing children during one-time 90-min outpatient evaluations. Brief functional analyses of problem behavior, conducted within a multielement design, identified negative reinforcement. Treatment, conducted within a nonconcurrent multiple baseline with reversal design, consisted of a signal for positive reinforcement while continuing to permit escape for problem behavior, thus creating a competition between positive and negative reinforcement. For all participants, problem behavior decreased.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A