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ERIC Number: EJ1141203
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jun
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0090-6905
Data from Russian Help to Determine in Which Languages the Possible Word Constraint Applies
Alexeeva, Svetlana; Frolova, Anastasia; Slioussar, Natalia
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, v46 n3 p1-12 Jun 2017
The Possible Word Constraint, or PWC, is a speech segmentation principle prohibiting to postulate word boundaries if a remaining segment contains only consonants. The PWC was initially formulated for English where all words contain a vowel and claimed to hold universally after being confirmed for various other languages. However, it is crucial to look at languages that allow for words without vowels. Two such languages have been tested: data from Slovak were compatible with the PWC, while data from Tarifiyt Berber did not support it. We hypothesize that the fixed word stress could influence the results in Slovak and report two word-spotting experiments on Russian, which has similar one-consonant words, but flexible word stress. The results contradict the PWC, so we suggest that it does not operate in the languages where words without vowels are possible, while the results from Slovak might be explained by its prosodic properties.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A