ERIC Number: EJ1141099
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Worlds of Higher Education Transformed: Toward Varieties of Academic Capitalism
Schulze-Cleven, Tobias; Olson, Jennifer R.
Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education Research, v73 n6 p813-831 Jun 2017
This article explores the changing character and consequences of state authorities' evolving relationships with universities in the United States, Germany, and Norway--typical cases for different national worlds of higher education. It argues that across the three OECD countries, welfare states have strengthened market principles in university governance, yet shaped competition in different ways. This conceptualization of institutional changes makes two seemingly conflicting perspectives compatible: one diagnosing national "convergence" on academic capitalism and one arguing for lasting "divergence" across national political economic regimes. Upon proposing ideal-typical trajectories of market-making institutional liberalization, the article explores path-dependent movement toward varieties of academic capitalism in the three countries. The findings on the socio-economic effects of this transformation suggest the need to moderate expectations on the ability of reformed higher education systems to contain contemporary societies' centrifugal forces.
Descriptors: Higher Education, Government School Relationship, Cross Cultural Studies, Universities, Commercialization, Socioeconomic Influences, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Welfare Services, Social Systems, Governance, College Administration, Political Attitudes, Marketing, Social Change
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Norway; Germany; United States
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A