ERIC Number: EJ1140565
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Identifying and Remediating Dyslexia in the Reception Year, a New Possibility?
Support for Learning, v32 n1 p60-84 Feb 2017
Research has shown that dyslexics have an inability to establish sound-symbol correspondence, phonological awareness and alphabetic knowledge by the normal teaching methods used in schools. In new research with Reception year children, ages 4 and 5 years, it was found that 90 per cent on entry to 8 Reception classes had not established sound to symbol correspondence. Five months later, despite the normal daily teaching of reading and writing skills, one third of children had still not "cracked the alphabetic code." Reports were sent to the teachers identifying each child's level of skill in handwriting and spelling with suggestions for specific interventions to promote the learning of sounds and their symbols. On entry into Year 2, in a 10 minute writing test, it was found that all the shildren had now developed sound-symbol knowledge. At the end of Key Stage 1 the national SATs results showed that the disadvantaged groups in the project schools had raised their performance by 30 per cent in literacy above previous years and the already high perfoorming group had improved by 10 per cent. One dyslexic was identified in the Year 2 test by a need for word-building teaching.
Descriptors: Identification, Dyslexia, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Teaching Methods, Phonological Awareness, Alphabets, Literacy Education, Preschool Children, Handwriting, Spelling, Intervention, Writing Tests, Elementary School Students, Disadvantaged, Achievement Gains
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A